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  • Breakfast / Lunch Alms Giving
  • Dana
  • Types of Dana
  • Download Pali font
Details for Breakfast / Lunch Alms Giving
The picture above is an example of how to indicate on the calendar outside the library
If you wish to offer alms for breakfast (7am to 7.30am) or lunch (11am to 11.30am) or both,
     please indicate at the date on the calendar outside the library:
   - your name ,
   - contact number (handphone or home phone number),
   - breakfast or lunch dana or both
   - and also the time to reach the centre.
If there is one or more monks at the centre
   - you may choose to give alms alone
     or give alms together with another person.
Suppose on the day you are the main alms giver
   - another person wish to give alms too,
     please allow him and rejoice for while you let him join you
     in the doing of good, you also accumulate merit.
Rewards of Alms Giving
Anguttara Nikaya, Fours, vii (57),
  The Buddha told Suppavasa of the Koliyans:   
                        "Suppavasa, the Ariyan woman-disciple who gives food receives four things.
                          What four?
                          Long life, beauty, happiness and strength. "

   The giver will be conditioned to be reborn as a deva or human
                                                                                                          in the future life with these four things.
14 Types of Personal Offerings
  In the Dakkhinavibhavga Sutta, the Buddha explains the fourteen types of personal offerings
  (patipuggalika-dakkhina):

  Ananda, there are fourteen types of personal offerings:
  [1]  One makes an offering to a Buddha:
                                   this is the first type of personal offering.

  [2]  One makes an offering to a Paccekabuddha:
                                   this is the second type of personal offering.

  [3]  One makes an offering to an arahant, a disciple of the Buddha:
                                   this is the third type of personal offering.

  [4]  One makes an offering to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of
         the fruit of a arahantship:
                                   this is the fourth type of personal offering.

  [5]  One makes an offering to a non-returner (anagami):
                                   this is the fifth type of personal offering.

  [6]  One makes an offering to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of
         the fruit of non-return:
                                   this is the sixth type of personal offering.

  [7]  One makes an offering to a once-returner (sakadagami):
                                   this is the seventh type of personal offering.

  [8]  One makes an offering to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of
         the fruit of once-return:
                                   this is the eighth type of personal offering.

  [9]  One makes an offering to a stream-enterer (sotapanna):
                                   this is the ninth type of personal offering.

  [10]  One makes an offering to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of
           the fruit of stream-entry:
                                     this is the tenth type of personal offering.

  [11]  One makes an offering to one outside the dispensation who is free from lust for
           sensual pleasures due to attainment of jhana:
                                     this is the eleventh type of personal offering.

  [12]  One makes an offering to a virtuous ordinary person (puthujjana):
                                     this is the twelfth type of personal offering.

  [13]  One makes an offering to an immoral ordinary person:
                                     this is the thirteenth type of personal offering.

  [14]  One makes an offering to an animal:
                                     this is the fourteenth type of personal offering.
Scale of Returns in Offerings
 The Buddha then explained the benefits of these fourteen types of offerings:
    -By making an offering to an animal, with a pure mind,
                                the offering may be expected to repay a hundredfold.


    -By making an offering with a pure mind to an immoral ordinary person,
                                the offering may be expected to repay a thousandfold.

    -By making an offering to a virtuous ordinary person,
                                the offering may be expected to repay a hundred-thousandfold.

    -By making an offering to one outside the dispensation who is free from lust
     for sensual pleasures due to attainment of jhana,
                                the offering may be expected to repay a
                                                          hundred-thousand times a hundred-thousandfold.

    -By making an offering to one who has entered upon the way to the
     realisation of the fruit of stream-entry,
                                the offering may be expected to repay incalculably, immeasurably.

    -What then should be said about making an offering to a stream-enterer,
     or to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of the fruit of once-return,
     or to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of the fruit of non-return,
     or to a non-returner,
     or to one who has entered upon the way to the realisation of the fruit of arahantship,
     or to an arahant,
     or to a Paccekabuddha,
     or to a Buddha, the Fully Enlightened One?


  Here, an offering means one offers food enough for once only.
  If a giver offers many times, such as, over many days or many months,
  there are no words to describe the benefits of those offerings.

  These are the different types of personal offerings (p
atipuggalika-dakkhina).
The Seven Kinds of Offering to the Sangha
 The Buddha then explained to the Venerable Ananda:
        ‘There are seven kinds of offerings made to the Sangha, Ananda.
  [1]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of both bhikkhus and bhikkhunis
         headed by the Buddha:
                                   this is the first kind of offering made to the Sangha.

  [2]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of both bhikkhus and bhikkhunis after
         the Buddha has attained Parinibbana:
                                   this is the second kind of offering made to the Sangha.

  [3]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of bhikkhus:
                                   this is the third kind of offering made to the Sangha.

  [4]  One makes an offering to a Sangha of bhikkhunis:
                                   this is the fourth kind of offering made to the Sangha.

  [5]  One makes an offering, saying:
         'Appoint so many bhikkhus and bhikkhunis to me from the Sangha':
                                   this is the fifth kind of offering made to the Sangha.

  [6]  One makes an offering, saying:
        'Appoint so many bhikkhus to me from the Sangha':
                                   this is the sixth kind of offering made to the Sangha.

  [7]  One makes an offering, saying:
        'Appoint so many bhikkhunis to me from the Sangha':
                                   this is the seventh kind of offering made to the Sangha.’

   These are the seven types of offering to the Sangha.

   The Buddha then compared personal offerings to offerings to the Sangha:
     [ In future times, Ananda,
                    there will be members of the clan who are 'yellow-necks',
                                                                                             immoral, of evil character.
       People will make offerings to those immoral persons on behalf of the Sangha.
       Even then, I say,
                          an offering made to the Sangha is incalculable, immeasurable.
          And I say that in no way does an offering to a person individually,
                        ever have greater fruit than an offering made to the Sangha.
]
Types of Dana:
   1) Giving the Four Requisites to the monk/s or Sangha
       (Four Requisite: robes, almsfood, dwellings and medicine) :
        -  You may offer robes to the monk/s or Sangha;

        -  You may give alms food (breakfast or lunch or both) to the
            monk/s or Sangha;

        -  You may offer a dwelling place for a monk/s to stay;

        -  You may offer medicine to the monk/s or Sangha;

        -  You may purchase a monk's daily usage like toothpaste,
           toothbrush, towel, medicine, health products etc,
           and offer to the monk/s or Sangha;

   2) If you intend not to use or throw away things like table, chairs,
       computers, computer accessories, small alarm clocks,
       multi-purpose electrical socket, pens, pencils,
       notebooks, writing pads, table cloth, oil for lamp, trees, flowers etc,
       you can bring these for the centre to use.

   3) Tidying up the temple, offering: lights; flowers;
        perfumed smoke; or water etc to the Buddha statue.
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